A steroid is a type of organic compound with a cycloalkane group or in layman terms, with a lot of Carbon atoms and the compound resembles some of the naturally produced hormones and thereby driving the body system. From dietary Cholesterol to the hormones testostrone and estradiol can be classified as Steroids. Hundreds of distinct steroids are found in plants, animals, and fungi.
Steroids can be broadly categorized under two heads:
- Anabolic Steroids -are drugs that mimic the effects of testosterone and dihydrotestosterone in the body. They increase protein synthesis within cells, which results in the buildup of cellular tissue (anabolism), especially in muscles. This was isolated and synthesized in the 1930s, and is used in treating chronic wasting conditions, such as cancer and AIDS. It is said that the gains in muscular strength achieved through high-intensity exercise and proper diet can be additionally increased by the use of AAS in some individuals.
Long term use of the Anabolic drug results in many adverse health risks such as harmful changes in cholesterol levels, acne, high BP,liver damage, dangerous changes in the structure of the left ventricle of the heart, hormone imbalances.
- Corticoids -are a class of chemicals that includes steroid hormones naturally produced in the adrenal cortex of vertebrates and analogues of these hormones that are synthesized in laboratories.These are used to treat a variety of diseases ranging from brain tumors to skin diseases.